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Faculty of Higher Education

Assignment Cover Sheet

Complete this and attach as a front cover sheet to every Assignment you submit for marking

Unit Code
HI6008
Unit Name BUSINESS RESEARCH
Your campus and class/tutorial number (e.g. M2) MELBOURNE, SYDNEY
Your Lecturer/Tutor

Assignment Number
1
Is this a Group or Individual Assignment?
If Group, state your assignment group number __096__
Due Date 21 August 2020

Declaration

  1. This assignment is my/our own work. We have NOT copied any part of it from any other student’s work, neither from our own work in any other subject/unit, whether at Holmes Institute or any other Educational Institution.
  2. I/we have cited all sources from which data, ideas, diagrams, facts, or words (whether quoted directly or paraphrased) were taken.
  3. This assignment was prepared specifically for this unit only and has not, nor will be used for any other unit.
  4. The reference list is accurate and in Harvard referencing style and a true statement of the sources I/we have personally read and used.
Student name/s Student number [must be correct] Which section(s) did each person work on
RAJAT ARORA
GMC2756 1,2,7
THI HONG AN CAO
FT3122 3,4,7
LAKSHAY GABA
GKE2026 5,6,7

Contents

1. Introduction 1

2. Justification of Topic 1

3. Review Relevant Literature 2

4. Statement of Research Problem 3

5. Research Question 3

6. Conclusion 4

7. References 4

8. Team Charter 6

Rhino Poaching in South Africa

  1. Introduction

Wild-life which are on the verge of extinction from the earth due to sudden decrease in its population or loss of its critical environment are called endangered animals (Dublin, n.d.). Many factors which can cause that such as hunting, damaged ecosystem, natural disasters, loss of habitat and so on. These factors are the cause of many species of animals and wild-life have been extinct and some are close to extinction. Many steps can be taken to reduce the impact and save the wild-life from extinction such as learning about them, creating awareness, protecting the habitat etc.

  1. Justification of Topic

We as a group decided that we will go for the topic as Rhino Poaching in South Africa as it has the largest population of rhinos in the world (Save the Rhino International, 2020) and so is the poaching issue and is a big news all around the globe. Rhinos are poached and killed for their horns which are cut and sold illegally in the black market which goes at the price range between $60,000 to $80,000 per kilogram (EDWARDS, 2020). Kruger National Park of South Africa is the prime spot for poaching which contemplates more than 50%. Rhino horn is one of the most valuable part of an animal and in commercial centre ranks up high as elephant’s ivory or tiger’s penis. It is believed that rhinos horns are powdered and are used as a cure many diseases such as cancer and is also used as a treatment for snake bites and hangovers.

In the case of Rhinos poaching is a big problem in South Africa. Over 1000 rhinos were killed last year by poachers in South Africa (Bale, 2018). As this lingers on soon the rhinos will be extinct. So, we as a group decided to choose this topic so that we can discuss and put some light on the topic as it is a big issue and needs to be controlled. Yes, we know there has been a steady decline in the trend but it is not over and we need to continue and support the organisations and governments so as they can take preventive measures and save the beautiful creatures of the environment.

  1. Review Relevant Literature

There are relevant literatures that are found and support the team examine with this topic such as:

‘Background on South Africa, Rhino Poaching and Rhino Horn Trafficking’ which present the relevant information about background history of rhino poaching and horn traffic in South Africa. Through this article, reader will get to know more about this criminal market, reasons of the existence of the illegal rhino poaching and the extent of this crime.

‘Endangered Rhinos’ which, indicates in chapter three: ‘The Rhino’s Predator’, the main reason of killing rhino is for its horn with different in purposes. In addition, with well equipment and weapons and how poacher hunt and kill one rhino in every eight hours.

‘Rhino Poaching: What is the Solution?’ which, written by Michael t’ Sas-Rolfes, specifies opinions and method with a great desire that stop rhino poaching not only in South Africa but in the whole world with the support from international conservation NGOs.

‘Save The Rhino organisation’ in which displays for researcher the numbers of rhino poaching from 2006 to 2019 in Africa as well as the latest poaching numbers in South Africa since 2007 with Kruger has persistent to be a seriously and derogatory area for poachers.

‘Rhino Poaching on Decline in South Africa’ is about the exert and attempt to stop poaching rhino in South Africa. Even though the number of slaughtered rhinos in 2019 has reduced compare with the year 2018 but it is not remarkable. Accordingly, the anti-poaching organisation or others wild animal conservation organisation, NGOs, law enforcement are still working very hard to protect as much rhino as possible.

‘Why allowing the sale of horn stockpiles is a setback for rhinos in the wild’ The article shows the arguments between the trader-private rhino owners and a South Africa Constitutional Court about the agreement for those owners have the right to sell their rhino horn for a cost that could bring good profit but not too high so that it encourages poaching. However, there is no evidence that proof this contention. Hence, it is best not to argue that the ban on horn trade is the cause of an increase in poaching.

  1. Statement of Research Problem

So, what are the problems with Rhino poaching in South Africa? It is known that poaching is an event that when animals are killed in an illegally way in order to collect something that animals possesses that is considered valuable for human either in economic benefits or physical benefits. The research shows that it is easy to see there are many opinions about the rhino poaching crime in South Africa is for their horns. There are servals numbers and statistics that shows the number of rhino poaching which changes year by year and the main market is China and Vietnam due to the large population and the demand is increasing (Duffy et al. 2013). The trend in this rhino horn market has existed for long time ago, as a part of Chinese and Vietnamese tradition believed that the horns are not only medical necessities but also for stockpiling as aesthetic or social status and elite (‘t Sas-Rolfes 2012). According to 2019 Poaching Stats (2020) South Africa which is a country possesses of eighty percent of the rhino in the world with at about 20,000 rhinos of 29,000 rhinos. The country has tried very hard in the conservation for this specie but the number of rhino poaching has enhanced dramatically since a decade ago for the horn trade. Therefore, to clarify and understand this problem, we will need to answer and discuss the generate questions in the next part-research question.

  1. Research Question

Legal issue

Should this trade be legalised? Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) has banned the international trade of Rhino horns since 1977. Although, an international ban was placed on trade of Rhino horns to control poaching and protect the species but it resulted in the increase in illegal poaching especially in Africa. Rhino-poaching gangs were highly recorded in South Africa and Kenya. These gangs were operating even more efficiently than previously experienced suggesting the existence of strong conduits and structured networks (Simon A.H. Milledge,2007). There was a steep increase seen in illegal poaching putting an alarming threat to the rhinoceros’ population. The national ban was lifted in April 2017 as a result of a legal dispute between private rhino poachers and South African DEA, who is responsible for the conservation and protection of environment. the ban was lifted for reduction in the illegal criminal activities and to sustain the Rhinoceroses population.

  1. Conclusion

All the species are vital for the sustainable development and protection of our planet but illegal poaching by mankind as caused a lot harm to the nature for its own greed. Although hunting of Rhinoceroses for their horns has been banned for over 4 decades, but situation only worsened due to the increase in illegal hunting. Illegal activities were existing on larger extent due to poor governmental controls. Legalising the hunting on some extent was a little too late measure as the species had already moved to the endangered list.

  1. References
  • Bale, R., 2018. More Than 1,000 Rhinos Poached In South Africa Last Year, Nationalgeographic.com, retrieved 20 August 2020, <https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/01/wildlife-watch-rhino-poaching-crisis-continues-south-africa/>
  • Dublin, H n.d, Endangered Species | Definition & Facts, Encyclopedia Britannica, retrieved 20 August 2020, <https://www.britannica.com/science/endangered-species>
  • Eduardo Salcedo Albarán, K & Garay Salamanca, L 2017, ‘Background On South Africa, Rhino Poaching And Rhino Horn Trafficking’, Colombia, retrieved 15 August 2020, <https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322340066_Background_on_South_Africa_Rhino_Poaching_and_Rhino_Horn_Trafficking>
  • EDWARDS, C 2020, Rhino Horns Are Back On The Menu For Chinese Elites And That’s Pretty Much A Death Sentence For Wild Rhino Populations — But Some South African Officials Are Said To Be Cheering, businessinsider.com.au, retrieved 20 August 2020, <https://www.businessinsider.com.au/rhino-horns-and-tiger-bone-trade-china-south-african-wildlife-2018-10?r=US&IR=T>
  • Harvey, R 2017, Why Allowing The Sale Of Horn Stockpiles Is A Setback For Rhinos In The Wild, The Conversation, retrieved 16 August 2020, <https://theconversation.com/why-allowing-the-sale-of-horn-stockpiles-is-a-setback-for-rhinos-in-the-wild-82773>
  • Helpingrhinos.org 2020, 2019 Poaching Stats, Helping Rhinos-Innovation in Conservation, retrieved 16 August 2020, <https://www.helpingrhinos.org/2019-poaching-stats/>
  • Katirgis, J & M. Czech, J 2016, Endangered Rhinos, Enslow Publishing, LLC.
  • Save The Rhino 2020, Poaching Statistics, retrieved 16 August 2020, <https://www.savetherhino.org/rhino-info/poaching-stats/?fbclid=IwAR0oAkbn139oaUjKZWoZ3-oSiA8cI1-_VPJxdWhsY_kUEqKPLrBu7cEXEDM>
  • Seter, J 2019, Rhino Poaching On Decline In South Africa, Occrp.org, retrieved 17 August 2020, <https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10722-rhino-poaching-on-decline-in-south-africa>
  • ‘t Sas-Rolfes, M 2012, The Rhino Poaching Crisis: A Market Analysis, retrieved 16 August 2020, <http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/pdf_files/133/1331370813.pdf>
  • t’ Sas-Rolfes, M 2016, Rhino Poaching: What Is The Solution?, The Solutions Journal. Retrieved 16 August 2020, <https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/rhino-poaching-what-is-the-solution/>
  • Duffy, R, H. Emslie, R & H. Knight, M 2013, Rhino Poaching: How Do We Respond?, retrieved 17 August 2020, <https://biosecproject.org/wp-content/uploads/EoD_HD087_Oct13_Rhino_Poach_Response-1.pdf>
  • Simon A.H. Milledge 2007,’ Illegal killing of African rhinos and horn trade, 2000–2005: the era of resurgent markets and emerging organized crime’, pp. 105
  1. Team Charter

HI6008 Business Research Project – Team Charter

Team Member Names email mobile
RAJAT ARORA Arorarajat41@hotmail.com 0432843210
THI HONG AN CAO ancao1101@gnail.com 0423192888
LAKSHAY GABA Lovygaba94@yahoo.com 0455777277
  1. Explain the team’s agreed goals and timeline for completion (Due dates, meetings, milestones, deliverables from individuals)

Our target of the completion’s date must before the due date 1 to 2 days, so we can have enough time to modify the mistake with information or references as well as gramma check for most accuracy.

  1. Who is responsible for each activity?

Rajat Arora who is responsible for information of the background, introduction and the topic interest of the team.

Lakshay Gaba who is responsible for part 4, the research question and the conclusion of the project.

Thi Hong An Cao who is responsible for part 3 which is review relevant literature and part 4 which is the statement of research problem.

  1. What particular team-roles will each member contribute to the team?

First of all, Rajat Arora has roles of create the platform which all the team’s members can join to discuss and share the research sources; as well as the ideas about the topic. In addition, he also has a duty on the main research data and collect related information. Besides that, Lakshay Gaba who designed the structure of the assignment and divided the task for each member. Furthermore, he will make sure how accurate of our assignment to match with the requirement of the marking rubric. Lastly, Thi Hong An Cao helped the team with modification of spacing, front and margins, etc before its submission.

  1. What are your team’s expectations regarding meeting attendance (being on time, leaving early, missing meetings, etc.)?

Our team’s expectations are to have at least one meeting a week since we decided on the topic to work. Via the mobile app which is Whatsapp and emails which are the main contact platform we will share each member ideas, information or opinions about the assignment. So even if anyone in the group has urgent other things to do in the meeting day, it is also easy to catch up with the latest info.

  1. What process will team members follow if they have an emergency and cannot attend a team meeting or complete their individual work promised to the team (deliverable)?

Because, we conduct the meeting via online, so there is sometimes we also had some problem regarding network or personal issues. Accordingly, we cannot avoid the missing member in the meeting. However, by dividing the tasks and roles before so this is not affecting our team work much. We just keep update the information and the situation on the group chat lead to other members will follow up easier if they miss the meeting.

  1. What are your team’s expectations regarding the quality of team members’ preparation for team meetings?

We expect high quality preparation from team members which is up to the standard of Master’s Degree. All team members are expected to research about the decided topic thoroughly and provide ideas and thoughts for the meeting to be productive.

  1. What are your team’s expectations regarding team members’ ideas, interactions with the team, cooperation, attitudes, and team-member contributions in general?

We expect team members to put as much ideas possible on the table supported by valid arguments. All members are expected to interact on regular basis and demonstrate their best professional behavior. All members are expected to have friendly, helpful and cooperative attitude and be ready to help each other even if it’s not their part of the task.

  1. How will your team ensure that members contribute as expected to the team and that the team performs as expected?

Team will keep a regular check on every individual’s progress and provide help where needed demonstrating quality team work. All ideas will be shared together and feedback will be provided to each other and help each other grow.

  1. How will your team reward members who do well and how will you collectively manage members whose performance is below expectations?

Team will keep a regular check on every individual’s progress and provide help where needed demonstrating quality team work. All ideas will be shared together and feedback will be provided to each other and help each other grow.

  1. Add any other team agreements and commitments here

The very important team agreement honored by team is that all the tasks will be equally divided among all the members to avoid any discrimination and over-worked members. This was agreed upon to avoid extra pressure building up on few members.

Team Members Lead-Role Allocations (examples) Name(s) Student Number(s)
Innovation / Design Lakshay Gaba GKE2026
Networking / Relationships Rajat Arora GMC2756
Writing / Editing Thi Hong An Cao FT3122
Research / Data Rajat Arora GMC2756
Accuracy / Reference checks Lakshay Gaba GKE2026
Final Submissions Thi Hong An Cao FT3122

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